In a city like Ibadan with majority area where poor housing and horrible living conditions are the order of the day , the fight against malaria should not be limited to the distribution of Mosquito treated bed nets and making the treatment of Malaria free to children below 5 years. While these moves are laudable, their sustainability is in doubt as this could be fairly compared to problem reduction rather than problem solving.
Cause of the death of a child every second, infects 350-500 million people every year, and kills more than 1 million people in the world. These are the numbers, which according to the United Nations’ Children Funds(UNICEF), which best describe the toll of Malaria on our world’s inhabitants- especially those in Africa where more than 90% of Malaria deaths occur and where Malaria accounts for more than 20 % of child deaths(UNICEF).
If people of this ancient city Ibadan keep their environment clean, avoid throwing dirt in drainage during rain and cover or empty water bowls which are favourable conditions for the establishment and proliferation of mosquitoes, Malaria will be made history. Such behaviours will of course only be sustained by government’s action in this light. Thus, if accompanied by laws and policies which encourages individual initiatives to keep the environment clean, safe, and free of mosquitoes while punishing not only individuals but also the business community for any acts perpetrated by them which are harmful to the environment Malaria will be terminated. Trying to make Malaria history by merely providing insecticide-treated nets (ITNs), as is done now, will only contribute to making this dream a nightmare.
Environmental policies which severely punishes corporations, which through industrial activities, contribute to making our climate warmer, thereby providing a fertile ground for the proliferation of mosquitoes and spread of Malaria, should be put in place by governments to reduce global warming and the spread of Malaria.
Truly, to sustain gains and save lives from the wrath of Malaria, we should invest in making our environment cleaner, safer, and more sustainable.